Registered sex offenders pose a clear threat to the children, the elderly, and the mentally retarded as vulnerable groups residing in or visiting the Town, because registered sex offenders are more likely than any other type of offender to re-offend for another sexual offense, the Town desires to impose safety precautions in furthering the public purpose of protecting the children, elderly and mentally retarded. The purpose of this bylaw is to mitigate the potential risk of harm to children, the elderly and the mentally retarded of the Hanson Community by deterring the ability for registered sex offenders to be in contact with unsuspecting children, the elderly, and mentally retarded in locations that are primary utilized by such children, the elderly or mentally retarded, that is the grounds of public and private schools for children, centers or facilities that provide day care or children's services, parks, other recreational facilities, elderly housing facilities or facilities for the mentally retarded. The Town desires to add location restrictions to such offenders where state law is silent.
SECTION 1. DEFINITIONS
- “Park” means land owned or controlled by a unit of local government, and located within the Town of Hanson, that is designated by the unit of local government for use solely or primarily for children’s recreation; town recreational areas including but not limited to, a forest preserve, jogging trail, hiking trail, water park, swimming pool, soccer field or baseball field under the jurisdiction of a unit of local government.
- “School” means any public or private educational facility that provides services to children in grades kindergarten – 12.
- “Day Care Center” means an establishment, whether public or private, which provides care for children and is registered with and licensed pursuant to the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts by the Office of Child Care Services.
- “Elderly Housing Facility” means a building or buildings on the same lot containing four or more dwelling units restricted to occupancy by households having one or more members fifty-five years of age or older.
- “Place of Worship” means a structure used for religious worship or religious education purposes on land owned by, or held in trust for the use of any religious organization.
- “Loiter” means remaining in or around town park property for more than fifteen (15) minutes.
- “Sex Offender” means a person who resides, works or attends an institution of higher learning in the Commonwealth and who has been convicted of a sex offense or who has been adjudicated as a youthful offender or as a delinquent juvenile by reason of a sex offense or a person released from incarceration or parole or probation supervision or custody with the Department of Youth Services for such a conviction or adjudication or a person who has been adjudicated a sexually dangerous person under G.L. c. 123A §14, as in force at the time of adjudication, or a person released from civil commitment pursuant to section 9 of said c. 123A, whichever last occurs, on or after August 1, 1981.
- “Sex Offender Registry” means the collected information and data that is received by the Criminal History Systems Board pursuant to General Law Chapter 6, Sections 178C to 178P, inclusive, as such information and data is modified or amended by the Sex Offender Registry Board or a Court of competent jurisdiction pursuant to said Sections 178C to 178P, inclusive.
- “Permanent Residence” means a place where a person lives, abides, lodges, or resides for five (5) or more consecutive days or fourteen (14) or more days in the aggregate during any calendar year.
- “Temporary Residence” means a place where a person lives, abides, lodges, or resides for a period of less than five (5) consecutive days or fourteen (14) days in the aggregate during any calendar year, which is not the person’s permanent address or place where the person routinely lives, abides, lodges, or resides and which is not the person’s permanent residence.
- “Establishing a Residence” means to set up or bring into being a dwelling place or an abode where a person sleeps, which may include more than one location, and may be mobile or transitory, or by means of purchasing real property or entering into a lease or rental agreement for real property (including a renewal or extension of a prior agreement whether through written execution or automatic renewal).
- “Sex Offense Involving a Child” means an indecent assault and battery on a child under 14 under section 13B of Chapter 265; rape of a child under 16 with force under section 22A of said Chapter 265; rape and abuse of a child under section 23 of said Chapter 265; assault of a child with intent to commit rape under section 24B of said Chapter 265; kidnapping of a child under the age of 16 under section 26 of said Chapter 265; enticing a child under the age of 16 for purposes of committing a crime under section 26C of said Chapter 265; inducing a minor into prostitution under section 4A of Chapter 272; living off or sharing earnings of a minor prostitute under section 4B of said Chapter 272; disseminating to a minor matter harmful to a minor under section 28 of said Chapter 272; posing or exhibiting a child in a state of nudity under section 29A of said Chapter 272; dissemination of visual material of a child in a statue of nudity or sexual conduct under section 29B of said Chapter 272; unnatural and lascivious acts with a child under 16 under section 35A of said Chapter 272; aggravated rape under section 39 of Chapter 277; and any attempt to commit a violation of any of the aforementioned sections pursuant to section 6 of Chapter 274 or a like violation of the laws of another state, the United States or a military, territorial or Indian tribal authority.
SECTION 2. SEXUAL OFFENDER RESIDENCE PROHIBITION; PENALTIES; EXCEPTIONS
- It is unlawful for any sex offender who is finally classified as a level 2 or 3 offender pursuant to the guidelines of the Sex Offender Registry Board, to establish a permanent residence within Two thousand (2,000) feet of any school, day care center, park, elderly housing facility or place of worship.
- It is the responsibility of the property owner not to allow a Sexual offender described in sec. 1 Paragraph 12 of this bylaw to establish residences in violation of this bylaw and shall be subject to a fine of $300. for the 1st offense and $300. Per day of Subsequent offense(s).
- For purposes of determining the minimum distance separation, the requirement shall be measured by following a straight line from the outer property line of the permanent residence to the nearest outer property line of a school, day care center, park, elderly housing facility or place of worship.
- Notice to move. Any registered level 2 or level 3 sex offender who establishes a permanent residence within Two thousand (2,000) feet of any school, day care center, park, elderly housing facility or place of worship shall be in violation of this section and shall, within thirty (30) days of receipt of written notice of the sex offender’s noncompliance with this chapter, move from said location to a new location, but said location may not be within Two thousand (2,000) feet of any school, day care center, park, elderly housing facility or place of worship. It shall constitute a separate violation for each day beyond the thirty (30) days the sex offender continues to reside within one thousand (2,000) feet of any school, day care center, park, elderly housing facility or place of worship. Furthermore is shall be a separate violation each day that a sex offender shall move from one location in the Town of Hanson to another that is within Two thousand (2,000) feet of any school, day care center, park, elderly housing facility or place of worship.
- Penalties. Violation of this bylaw, or of any regulations adopted hereunder, may be enforced through any lawful means in law or in equity by the Board of Selectmen, Town Administrator, or their duly authorized agents, or any police officer of the Town of Hanson including, but not limited to, enforcement by non-criminal disposition pursuant to G.L. c. 40, §21D. Each day a violation exists shall constitute a separate violation. The penalties shall be as follows:
- First Offense: Notification to offender that he/she has thirty (30) days to move
- Subsequent Offense: Non-criminal fine of $300.00, enforceable by a police officer, and notification to the offender’s landlord, parole officer and/or probation officer and the Commonwealth’s Sex Offender Registry Board that the person has violated a municipal ordinance.
For purposes of this section, notice shall be deemed to be sufficient and proper if the person service by registered mail, return receipt requested, or receives in hand service or service by a Constable, Sheriff or other person authorized to serve civil process within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts or other service as a court of competent jurisdiction may allow.
- Exceptions. A person residing within 2,000 feet of any school, day care center, park, elderly housing facility or place of worship does not commit a violation of this section if any of the following apply:
- The person established the permanent residence and reported and registered the residence prior to May 4th, 2009.
- The person was a minor when he/she committed the offense and was not convicted as an adult.
- The person is a minor.
- The school, day care center, park, elderly housing facility or place of worship within 2,000 feet of the personal permanent residence was established after the person established the permanent residence and reported and registered the residence pursuant to the Sex Offender Registry Law.
SECTION 3. PROHIBITION
- It shall be unlawful for a sex offender who has been convicted of a sex offense involving a child to knowingly be present in any Town park.
- It shall be unlawful for a sex offender who has been convicted of a sex offense involving a child to loiter within 300 feet of a town park.
- Enforcement. If a police officer reasonably believes that a sex offender who has been convicted of a sex offense involving a child is in a town park or loitering within 300 feet of a town park, in violation of this by-law, the officer shall require said sex offender to provide his/her name, address, and telephone number. If it is established that the individual is a sex offender who has been convicted of a sex offense involving a child, then the officer shall notify said sex offender that he/she is in violation of this by-law.
- Non-Criminal Fine. In addition to enforcement by criminal complaint, a violation of this section may also be enforced by a police officer by non-criminal complaint pursuant to the provisions of Mass. G.L. c. 40 section 21D. Each day on which a violation exists shall be deemed to be a separate offense. The penalty for violation of this section shall be $300.00.
- If any provision of this by-law is invalidated by any court of competent jurisdiction, the remaining provisions shall not be affected and shall remain in full force and effect. If any provision of this by-law is in conflict with state law, state law will prevail.